Building on Mars: The Construction Industry Space Race | The B1M


Building houses on Mars may sound like science
fiction – but the idea that we could build and live on another planet, is actually not
as far-fetched as you might think. As technology continues to rapidly evolve
and space travel becomes increasingly viable, many respected organisations around the globe
are now racing to develop credible, workable proposals for habitation on Mars, and more
importantly for how such extra-terrestrial buildings would be constructed. What was once a far-off fantasy is steadily
becoming reality. Here we look at three prototypes currently under development by some of this
world’s leading architects, academics and engineers. Perhaps unsurprisingly, one of the organisations
leading the race to build on Mars is American space agency, NASA. NASA teams are running a series of competitions
to imagine what habitats on Mars could look like and to tackle some of the logistical
issues related to building on the red planet. More than 165 submissions were received for
the first of these competitions, which challenged participants to develop architectural concepts
that take advantage of the unique proposal to 3D print on Mars. The USD $25,000 first prize was won by “Mars
Ice House”, designed by Space Exploration Architecture and Clouds Architecture Office. Their design takes advantage of the anticipated
abundance of water in certain regions of the planet to create 3D printed “ice habitats”. The thoroughly planned proposal envisions
a vertically oriented lander containing mechanical services becoming the core of the habitat. From this central unit a transparent ETFE
membrane would be inflated, with two nested domes 3D printed by robots built inside this
enclosure. These robots would use a triple nozzle to
dispense a composite of water, fibre and aerogel along layered rings, printing an ice structure
that is structurally sound, insulated and translucent. The 5cm thick ice could also
protect against radiation. Following the competition, the concept is
now being developed by NASA into a project called “Mars Ice Dome”, a large inflatable
tube, that is surrounded by a shell of ice. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) a USD $140 million
prototype “Mars City” is being built in the desert outside of Dubai. Covering an area of 1.9 million square feet,
the development will be the largest space stimulation city ever built. Designed by Bjarke Ingels Group, the development
is part of the UAE’s ambitious “Mars 2117 Strategy” – a plan to build a settlement
on the planet within the next 100 years. Named “Mars Science City” the project aims to
provide a viable and realistic model to simulate living on the surface of Mars. It will be housed within four geodesic domes
and include laboratories dedicated to investigating self-sufficiency in energy, food and water
for life on Mars. The structure is being described by the Government
of Dubai as the “most sophisticated building the world”, and will incorporate a realistic
simulation environment replicating the conditions on the surface of Mars. As with many proposals to build on the planet,
3D printing is set to play a major role within the prototype development. A museum within
the dome will be 3D printed, using sand from the Emirati desert, replicating processes
that might be used on Mars. Foster + Partners is another organisation
taking both space travel and the prospect of building on Mars very seriously. The practice’s “Spaceport America” in
New Mexico – a terminal for commercial operations by private space travel companies – was
completed back in 2011 and now Foster + Partners are focusing on Mars. As part of the NASA-backed competition to
create a 3D-printed modular habitat on the planet, the practice has designed a concept
for a habitat built by robots. Their design envisions a robust 93-square-metre
dwelling for up to four astronauts 3D-printed from “regolith” – the loose soil and rocks
found on the surface of Mars. The habitat is designed to be built with minimal
human input. First, semi-autonomous robots would select a site and dig a 1.5 metre deep
crater, then individual modules would be delivered to sit within the crater and form the core
of the settlement. Walls would then be 3D printed around these
central pods by two further types of semi-autonomous robots, one that processes the regolith and another that uses microwaves to fuse the material in place. Foster + Partner’s concept came second in
the first phase of NASA’s challenge. However, along with fabricator Branch Technology, they
won the second phase of the competition which challenged teams to manufacture actual, 3D-printed
objects using techniques that could be employed on Mars. The third phase of the NASA challenge, which
is currently under development, will focus on fabrication of complete habitats, so we
could see full-scale prototypes in the near future. If you thought this video was “out of this world” and would like to get more from the definitive video channel for construction, subscribe to The B1M.

100 thoughts on “Building on Mars: The Construction Industry Space Race | The B1M

  1. BTW the latest plan for building habitats on Mars is to build them in underground caverns which would not only shield it from radiation but also from micro meteorites. Source from NASA and Mars institute's founder Pascal Lee. Love Space X but they've only figure out how to get there. For a 2 and a half year round trip, we need to figure how to survive once we are there.

  2. yea you know they will use these buildings on earth to say they made these on mars just to make more an more money just to lie in front of your eyes

  3. Ha, yeah, good luck.
    They don't even have a vehicle to take people to mars yet, let alone a bunch of robots that can navigate the surface without getting stuck.

    We are at least 80 years away from the first human touching foot on mars.

  4. Wish most people who want to be technologically-inclined move to mars so we can turn the earth back into the forst planet it was meant to be. We could live in earth ships and live off the food gaia provides for us. Humans would stop eating animals and finally live in peace without borders ❤ would be amazing!

  5. the emirate one is the only one that makes sense. does anyone really expect a city on mars with a growing population where everyone lives basically in huts

  6. Nah just send Primitive Technology to Mars. In one year, you'll have a metropolis capable of supporting a few million people. 😛

  7. Although the ice idea is interesting, the practical solution would have to be based on regolith for better radiation and micrometeorite shielding and concentrated solar to bring light into the habitat through small windows. I would say that they could heat a cobalt oxide catalyst to produce carbon monoxide from the CO2 in the atmosphere and hydrogen from the water thereby generating syngas which could then be used in a Fischer Tropsche reactor to produce plastics such as polyethylene which could be mixed with granulated regolith and heated hence binding the regolith together with plastic. I mentioned polyethylene because under certain humidity levels, it absorbs CO2 and under others it releases the absorbed CO2 so it could be used to make life support systems, also plastic films with a small amount of aluminum or other metals can make mylar which can be made into retorts for canning foods.

  8. Thanks for this. Alot of culminating ideas prove a multipronged effort. Let's attack this dream on all fronts!
    -JDB

  9. When I see the interior of the structures proposed by the people in Dubai, with robed Arabs, I'm reminded of Frank Herbert's description of the Fremen people in the novel "Dune."

  10. I apreciated clear speach and your very good english that understanding i as romanian. And the subject and this movie is very goood.

  11. If we can build a "Differential Electromagnetic Dome" (only let the Light pass through) that covers the city, then we can build cities on any planet or moon of our Solar System or any other Solar System in the Universe.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ljwc3Y6314

  12. The core habitats surrounded by a thick layer of regolith is the best idea as it protects against solar wind and cosmic rays. and also blends into the environment.

  13. Yes, that too but we need connecting underground passageways to each indoor, outdoor walk-ins to cut back on the number of outside trips for safety purposes. We need lots of space indoors. The sky is not enough on how big we can tunnel to the room, to room, to kitchen, to research lab so on. Its all about safety!

  14. considering how cold Mars is….and will be for at least another 100 years, how about we use the rocks and dust and water and form a composite brick thats squeezed and frozen containing both dirt and water? Theres lots of dirt there and water near the surface, so a robot the size of a riding mower with a hydrolic attachment could make bricks all day long…lol

  15. We've got a perfectly good planet here guys. Maybe our time would be better spent finding new ways to manage our people and resources. I don't think it'd be sad at all if we never leave this rock, out of all the rocks in the galaxy I reckon this is the best.

  16. what kindof name will be the "city"or what name of marcian state ?,which state property will be ??? and what will be the new land name ?,so, many questions . thank you,a fan from Hungary,Europa.

  17. There is no proof that there is a single molecule of water on Mars. What is the point of colonizing Mars? What would it give us? It's impractical, even if Mars had something we wanted, to bring it to earth. I'm not a wet blanket. That is just common sense. The air is CO2 which kills people. But we know we can extract the oxygen from the Co2 fairly easily and use it to make water. But where do we get the needed hydrogen? I know a little something about systems like these because I served on a submarine. We took in seawater and made our own clean water from it. We also split the clean water molecules into H2 and O2 and used the oxygen (O2) in out sub. We had CO2 scrubbers to remove that from our air and that would also be needed on Mars. We used Amine to absorb CO2 out of the submarine atmosphere. I'm not saying colonizing Mars is impossible. I'm just asking why go there? Count the cost first.

  18. Before we have a settlement on Mars we will be overtaken by energy-machines who are 100 Percent efficient. And THAT'S the reason, we don't see any extraterrestriale life. TAKE THAT, FERMI! 😀

  19. You don't colonize a planet with a couple people… you send 100 at a time. These structures are research outposts, nothing else…

  20. Nothing has ever been to Mars. No one will ever go to Mars. But the money spent on this fairy tale scam is staggering.

  21. I hope Dubai has no thoughts on taking religion beyond earth, aside from my own personal feelings we should keep all earth created faith on planet earth. Space will be challenge enough…

  22. Lets colonize the Moon first. It closer has a lot of the same challenges and if something goes wrong there is a chance of being saved. And getting materials and other things to the moon is simpler as well.

  23. Do they know that water evaporates under Martian conditions? I'd like to see what they have with "ice-dome" building

  24. Finally, ( 4:49 ) digging is the best and cheapest method…above ground has to many issues IMO (radiation, storms, etc)

  25. Go try and work in -100F temperatures, we have major issues at -40F, most material that require an activator or need to cure (pliablity) have major problems in cold temperature. Now add massive amounts of dust to the equation and radiation. Processing the amount of water needed to use as a building material would be a major issue in of itself. All of this would have to be tested in chambers that can dublicate 600pascals of pressure, -100f temperatures, and full of uncontrollable dust.

  26. The rocket is the easy part nothing else exists outside of a concept, not even a temp habitat, NASA only has partial mockups for an "expandable" module. You could live in a little tiny lander for a while.
    $25B to develop the construction robot(s) (not even close to doing this type of work), $1B to build a test chamber, $10B just to develop the construction printing tech (in its infant stage), develop a viable native building material/method that can work in those temperatures and pressures +$10B? , another few $B's to develop a non-bulky space suite and $10-15B for to develop the actual fully tested habitat. Another few $Bs for the on-ground life support systems. All this has to be blasted into space survive a 300-day trip and survive a violent trip to the surface. $5-8B/year for the 25 years and we might be close to a point that a group could take the one-way trip and live for a few months. Only after signing 1000 page waiver.

  27. Ice habitat, really? Ice sublimates in a near vacuum. I guess you keep spraying water on it when the ambient temp is below freezing.

  28. Thunderf00t would debunk all of these concept, but mostly the tiny robots using microwaves to fuse the regolith . Good luck with that.

  29. Mars and other barren planets is totally boring Place for humans to colonize All people have to stay inside Dome City as there is no Earth like environment.
    Earth is best💖

  30. Millions of lives are being wasted on the streets of Earth because of lack of shelter and food and we are investing billions trying to find and sustain life on Mars. What an Irony!

  31. The main reason this sounds like science fiction is because it is, it hasn't happened and it may never. On the science front, I doubt that geodesic domes could cope with the internal air pressure.

  32. Geodesic domes connected by a tunnel system. Can also connect from underground as well. Large hub at the centre that spreads out the way.

  33. mars should be a different society then earth were intelligents is valued and resources are put only into technological innovation
    mars as our time to start again do what you want gmo crops all that kind of thing

  34. By the time the US gets to Mars, thirty or forty years from now, there will be other technologies for habitats, but the whole idea of habitats on Mars will be abandoned because of cost and the gravity, or the reduced gravity problem, assuming that the US even exist by then or that the earth has not been destroyed by then, and the US, if it still exist, will be fifty trillion in debt by then, and the US may well be a totally fascist third world impoverished country by then! By all means, more government revenues cuts and more run amok military spending and the US being a minion of Israel and Saudi Arabia and Russia!

  35. Yeah, NASA is so hot on going to Mars that they dumped most of the space program back in the 70's. They even had a working atomic rocket engine ready to go. I guess it was more important to give the money to the military industrialists, that's where most of our tax dollars are still going now.

  36. Someday mars civilization is advance than earth because before entering this red planet the people are very selecteve high level quality ..no terrorest entering..all of us are fucost there work..

  37. In any case, before Astronauts get above the LEO (Low Earth Orbit) and into the Outer Space, they gotta become Radiation-Proof, for otherwise they will be killed by the Solar and Cosmic Radiations – In fact We Humans Can Become Radiation-Proof In Less Than A Month and Live Forever, so Colonizing Space Will Not Be A Problem At All – By everybody doing just an exercise for a minute a day, that Cures and Prevents any Diseases, known on Earth, even Aging and Radiation Disease, for every cell of our bodies is shielded 100% from any external/internal (genetic) detrimental impact (any Viruses and any other Pathogens are killed the moment they touch us) – I will describe my Discovery to everyone, who sends me an E-check for $500,000.00 – Not much to be paid to Escape Death and to live An Endless Life Without Any Infections (HIV/AIDS, Colds, Flues, TB, Polio, Malaria, Ebola, etc.), Any Cancers, Diabetes, Opioid Addictions, Chronic, Heart, Brain and Any Other Diseases and being able to Fly Safely To The Moon, Mars and Beyond, because of being Radiation-Proof – Like the Gods who created us humans.

  38. There are people living under tarps in LA and other US cities. Maybe spend all that time energy and money on Earth problems.

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