6 Roof and Pavement Tiles from Plastic Waste

Plastic waste is becoming a scourge of the
earth. Lack of recycling has led to massive islands
being created in the ocean made of plastic. Containers, bags, soda holders and all other
types of plastic get wrapped around sea life or ingested leading to their demise. A few individuals though have taking it upon
themselves to create machines and processes to create something useful from waste plastic. On this episode we take a look at 6 roof and
pavement tiles made from plastic waste. Coming in at number 6 in Roman’s facility
they use a full array of plastic waste to create their products. The first step is to use a shredder, which
they have multiple different ones for different applications. Plastic is throw in the top and comes out
shredded to bits in the bottom. The plastic is shredded which allows it to
be melted easier and faster. In his facility they mix the shredded plastic
with sand and a dye for the desired color. Once the sand and plastic is mixed together
thoroughly it is added to the melting machine. On the other side is what looks like a big
blob of elephant dung which is weighed to 1.5 kgs. This blob than added to the press table. A hydraulic press compacts and heats it at
the same time creating the new plastic tile. It takes 100 lbs of force to compress the
tile and takes about 40 seconds for it to cool. After a little bit of trimming the tile is
completed. Roman has been recycling plastic and creating
these products since 2003. This Russian citizen cares deeply about the
environment and has become a pioneer in the field. Here we see the finished result is strong
enough to endure the sand delivery truck driving over the tiles that have been there for multiple
years now. Roman and his team produce multiple different
styles and colors of tiles for the ground and roof. Coming in at number 5, this recycler of plastic
also uses a mixture of sand and plastic to create tiles. Here you can see a glob of fresh hot plastic
is tossed into the hydraulic press, while that is working more oozing plastic goo comes
out of the machine for the next tile. After a minute the press is released and not
a floor tile but a roof tile is created. This rotating disc machine that holds the
tiles called the calibrator I’m assuming presses and holds the tiles tight so their
shape is maintained until they have fully cooled down otherwise they won’t stack nicely
on the roof. After the cycle is complete the tile is popped
and is ready to be put on a roof. Fourth on this list is this big blue machine
or thee plastic digester. Shredded plastic is dumped in the top and
crushed rock is mixed in along the side at the same time. Luckily this machine has an exhaust treatment
phase which can’t be said for all of these machines sadly as many of them are used developing
countries. The long blue piston presses the mix together
resulting is this black oozing hot plastic rock mix. While still hot is it pressed into a mold
and left to dry. A
variety of different colors and shapes are available from this company. 3rd on this list is another facility that
uses a mix of sand and plastic. At this facility they stress the use of river
sand to properly bond with the plastic. The plastics they take come from all sources:
car radios, gas cans, car bumpers, computer cases virtually anything. First the sand is dried out or the moisture
will affect the process. After a quick spin in a mixer the dried material
is added to their furnace. It takes incredible amount amounts of heat
to melt high density polymer which is an advantage because after the tiles are made they won’t
be able to be melted by a scorching hot summer’s day. 2 minutes in their hydraulic press is all
it takes before the tiles are ready to be cooled for another 2 minutes. After they are cooled they’ll be taken to
the trimming area. Small extra bits and imperfections on the
outer rim of the roof tiles are cut off with a knife and the tile is ready to be used. Each tile weighs almost 5 lbs or 2.2 kgs. Here you can see the durability of them as
the boss man jumps up and down on it. These tiles are fire retardant and are poor
conductors of heat not allowing a fire to travel through them. They also don’t hold water and being very
smooth reduces the likelihood of algae and fungus from growing on them. This concept came from South Africa and has
been tested for a dozen years now in Uganda. Any waste plastic created or globs of hot
plastic that aren’t able to make it into the press before they solidify are just recycled
back to the beginning of the machine. The final result are these beautiful roof
tiles that would have likely been plastic floating in the ocean. At number 2 we have a more sophisticated machine
that uses a mixture of shredded plastic and used engine oil. The two are mixed into this big drum and spun
and heated for a short time. On the other side is a goozy hot mess that
comes out of a faucet. No press is used here just gravity fed into
the desired mold until full. They are leveled off on the top much like
what is done with wet concrete. Being on the other side of the world as many
of the others, this machine produces plastic bricks in the city of Tarlac in the Philippines. These bricks look highly convincing as conventional
ones and come in a wide variety of shapes. Coming in at number one is Wasteaid, a company
that helps people turn waste into useful products. This more primitive approach combines plastic
bags and fine sand into a metal drum that is heated with firewood. This company only uses LDPE type plastic for
their creations which melts in 20 minutes in this metal barrel. The liquid plastic must be continually stirred
keeping the temperature below 185 fahrenheit or 85 degrees celsius otherwise the plastic
will burn, kind of like the same idea when grandma is making a big pot of chili. Sand is added in slowly until it has the same
consistency as cement. The mixture is pressed by hand into a mold
and flattened off where it’ll solidify over a few minutes time. After 2 hours drying the brick is ready to
be used. Do inventions like this that help remove plastic
from the environment to make useful product give you hope for this ever looming global
issue we are facing? If you’re interested in starting one of
these businesses of your own I’ve left links to the companies videos below. I hope you enjoyed this episode, until the
next one, have a good one.

100 thoughts on “6 Roof and Pavement Tiles from Plastic Waste

  1. Stupid idea, only gives more pollution when clean sand is mixed with waste plastic and even old motor oil (!) The additives in that oil can cause cancer. Every material in these tiles will finally wash out or change to powder (effect of the ultraviolet part of the sunlight spectrum). So these tiles are giving out a constant flow of toxic materials, slowly polluting the whole area.

  2. Great video. Would it please be possible to have the contact details of the companies mentioned in the video?

  3. Waste aid is the most practical of all for the independent and small recycler!!!   Please give more information on this "primitive" method.  This method can be used by anyone, any where.

  4. Do you have any more detail about processing into paving and roof? Really need it to reduce over use plastic in Bali. Thanks

  5. Using plasma gasification waste plastic can be used to power itself and other devices while breaking items down into their raw materials for reuse.

  6. Tengo una recicladora de plastico en colombia pero no tengo el presupuesto para este proyecto ….aca sale mucho plastico y no hay nada de esto para hacer

  7. I saw a Japanese version. they do the melting in a sealed container that feeds into a jar that has a tube going from oil side into the water. So, the smoke gets turned into oil.

  8. I want information about the machine and how much it costs and where it is obtained and its production capacity per hour and also the machine that works on the plastic grinding and processing for smelting

  9. All these people will die from lung cancer, look at those facilities. And to the idiots in the comment section saying that all of these are in 3rd world countries, well duh, our recycling factories are fully automatic and do not make tiles out of the plastic, they remake bottles and other things.

  10. We need to start these methods in the United States create jobs Help the environment!!!!:-) Hope we start these soon! BEAUTIFUL 🙂 ( i could have a lifesize Lego brick facade on my house!) yea!

  11. The title on this video says "Plastic Waste", these examples are actually "Sorted Plastic Waste", unsorted plastic does not melt together and some of the processes have also been sorted by colour. Adding sand guarantees that the products will not be recycled again, at the end of their life they'll be landfill.

  12. Thanks so much for the great video. I really hate the waste plastic that I have to throw out, more than 50% of my trash is plastic in some form. These ideas are very interesting.

  13. The U.S. government would say these plastics are toxic. Yet, they allow GMOs in our food, pollutants in our air and water, allow unregulated supplements to be sold over the counter, etc, etc.

  14. Interesting to note all these ideas are coming from low social economic countrys..Its almost like first world countrys dont want to know about theses products….They are all fantastic ideas..

  15. Wow! I Americans don’t want to build these automated processes, invest in these companies overseas! “There is money in trash”

  16. Great designs, but sadly these plastics are leeching chemicals in the sunlight and also off-gassing. Not so ecological as it appears at first. Temporarily good for developing countries where people have no homes and schools.

  17. Number 1 is a definite no for me. How they burn it is unsafe and very polluting for the environment. There are toxic fumes if you just burn plastic, so it needs to be treated carefully. That is why you should never burn plastic unless it is a controlled incinerator or professional company.

  18. Happy that a new solution is found to reduce plastic waste and control it from entering into the ocean, but I personally fine a small issue in this… While burning plastic lot of harmful smoke is emitted which directly affects O3 so if possible try to control the smoke by upgrading or by creating something new to reduce the air pollution….

    But what you guys did is really amazing

  19. Great innovations if this machinery and equipment sold to Africa and Asians country and show them the benefits of waste plastic and how make money out of this trust me people will sale them instead of throwing them in the lake and river

  20. Osha would have a field day. But thats why a lot of these products are made in 3rd world counties . Of course paying them a dollar a day helps too.

  21. I was very surprised to see this NOT on this list. The people at Precious Plastics OPEN-SOURCE the machine designs, trouble shooting, mold and extruder issues, networking, marketing, discussion board, how-to-videos, awards, and future plans. This is an awesome movement that ought to finally be spreading like wildfire with more people paying attention now! https://preciousplastic.com/en/videos/intro.html

  22. The statement about the plastic used to make tiles in Uganda saved it from ending up is the ocean is odd as it's a landlocked nation.

  23. England is so civilized that we ship our recycling abroad. What kind of people do that? I can't deal with the waste I produce? Can someone help me? Like a baby with a shitty nappy.

  24. Good for this guys to reduce the problem of plastic.those who complain will keep in complaining without giving alternatives.

  25. I love you. God bless you and your efforts. Thank you for your love and concern for the Earth and people. Peace be with you.

  26. What is the purpose of adding the oil? Does it make the product more flexible for forming? Does it serve to distribute the heat? Does it keep it from sticking to plumbing and forms? Does it burn off? Does the finished product seep oil afterwards?

  27. an d ummmm how is this removing plastic permanently from the environment when you put the bricks back in the environment… eventually they break down again….. we shouldn't forget that. but it does temporarily keep them isolated I guess.

  28. This just gave me a idea. Since old roofing hot tar kettles are obsolete, using them for melting down plastic you could produce a ton of product a day

  29. is it true that there are companies here in the Philippines who buy an empty plastic bottle with tiny cutted plastic cellophane inside?if so,how much the prize?is it expensive?or priceless?

  30. There are people who encourage me to gather lot of plastic bottle with tiny cutted plastic cellophane inside because it will be using for tiles as an output.And I have made it.As of now I have collected a lot.But I have no contact to where the right company who buy these.If there is.This could be a great help to reduce our trashes in order to save the mother earth.

  31. That looks great. Just some thoughts, I'm thinking about the smoke from the melted plastics. Depending on particular type of plastic, much of it is very toxic. Also the end of life of these products is interesting.

  32. The only way this factory will cease functioning is when their source of plastic has dimished and by then a big contribution on environment survival is assumed!

  33. This is all well and good, but unless they can produce it cheaper than normal building material it won’t take off.

  34. This is a good idea. Kick the can down the road another generation and let them deal with the plastic waste nightmare.

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